There are many different aspects to learning Wing Chun but the main areas are:
Forms are structured patterns of techniques set into flowing routines. They are the roots of Wing Chun Kung Fu and provide an encyclopedia of techniques for the practitioner. There are 3 ‘open hand’ forms in Wing Chun followed by the Wooden Man and then Weapons.
- Siu Lim Tao (little idea form) – The starting point for all training develops structure, energy and basic techniques.
- Chum Kiu (bridging form) – Progessing from Siu Lim Tao we learn to ‘seek or ‘bridge’ the gap with an opponent. This form incorporates movement, stepping and kicking.
- Biu Tze (thrusting fingers form) – Biu Tze is an advanced attacking form using energy in different directions in combination with finger, elbow and palm strikes amongst others to create a destructive force.
- Mook Yan Jong – The Wooden Dummy or Wooden Man form encompasses stances and techniques from Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu and Biu Jee. It teaches movement around an opponent and application of close range energy.
- Look Dim Boon Kwan – 6 1/2 Point Pole.
- Baat Cham Dao – 8 Cutting Broadswords (Butterfly Knives). The 6 1/2 Point Pole form along with the 8 Cutting Broadswords teach advanced footwork and weapon techniques that are applicable to open hand combat as well.
From Forms to Practical Application
Learning to understand and apply the movements in the forms in done in stages:
- Individual techniques, or combinations, are developed through controlled drills that emphasise timing and focus and aim to develop a subconscious reflex.
- When the student has practiced and understood the drill we can progress to applying the same actions to a more practical scenario.
- Chi Sau, or Sticking Hands, is a method of training unique to Wing Chun which teaches sensitivity, reflexes, position and correct use of energy at close quarters. It is a bridge between the Forms and free contact fighting.
- Students can also study the forms at home by subscribing to our online resources.